Difarense intrà łe version de "Isaac Newton"

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'''Sir Isaac Newton''' [[Fellow of the Royal Society|FRS]] (4 de genaro [[1643]]{{ndash}} 31 de marž [[1727]] {{smaller|<nowiki>[</nowiki>[[Old Style and New Style dates|OS]]: 25 de disdenber [[1642]]{{ndash}} 20 de marž [[1727]]<nowiki>]</nowiki>}})<ref name="OSNS"/> al è stat an [[fisico]], [[matematico]], [[astronomo]], [[filosofo]], [[alchimista]] e [[teologo]] inglese che al gnen percepì e considerà da 'n bon numero de studiosi e da la gran part de la đent come un de i omi pì influenti te la storia.<ref>http://www.adherents.com/adh_influ.html</ref> La so publicažion de 'l [[1687]] de ''[[Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica]]'' (ciamà de solito ''[[Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica|Principia]]'') al è considerà far parte de i libri pì influenti de la [[storia de la sienža]], conprendendo al laoro base de la gran part de la [[mecanica classica]]. Ten sto laoro, Newton al descrivea la [[lege de la gravitažion universal]] e le trei [[legi de Newton|legi su 'l moto]] che par i tresento ani dopo le à dominà la vision sientifica su 'l [[universo fisico]]. Newton al à assà veder che al movimento de le robe su la [[Tera]] e de i [[mecanica celeste|corpi celesti]] al gnen governà da na serie de legi naturai dimostrando la validità de la so scoperta ricavando le [[Legi de Keplero]] e la so teoria de la gravitažion, cavando cossì i ultimi dubi su 'l [[eliocentrismo]] e fando gner ignanž la [[rivolužion sientifica]].
 
newtonNewton al à fat anca al primo [[telescopio riflessiu]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://etoile.berkeley.edu/~jrg/TelescopeHistory/Early_Period.html|title=The Early Period (1608–1672)|accessdate=2009-02-03|publisher=James R. Graham's Home Page}}</ref> e svilupà na teoria de i [[color]] basada su la osservažion che an [[prisma]] triangolar al sconpone la [[white#light|luce bianca]] ten diversi color che i forma al [[spetro visibile]]. Al à formulà anca na [[Lege de Newton su 'l rafredamento|lege enpirica su 'l rafredamento]] e al à studià la [[velocità de 'l suono]].
 
In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with [[Gottfried Leibniz]] for the [[history of calculus|development]] of the differential and integral [[infinitesimal calculus|calculus]]. He also demonstrated the [[binomial theorem|generalised binomial theorem]], developed the so-called "[[Newton's method]]" for approximating the zeroes of a [[Function (mathematics)|function]], and contributed to the study of [[power series]].
{{Main|Isaac Newton in popular culture}}
 
== Vision relijosa ==
==Religious views==
{{Main|Isaac Newton's religious views}}
[[ImageImagine:Isaac Newton grave in Westminster Abbey.jpg|thumb|200px|La tonba de Newton's gravete inla [[WestminsterAbažia Abbeyde Westminster]]]]
HistorianAl storico [[Stephen Snobelen|Stephen D. Snobelen]] saysal ofdiss Newton,a 'l reguardo che "Isaac Newton wasal aera an [[heresy|hereticeretico]]. But Ma... heno never'l madeà amai publicfat declarationna ofdichiaražion hispublica privatede faithla so whichfede theprivata che la ortodossia orthodoxla wouldla havearee deemedconsiderada extremelyestremamente radical. HeAl hidà hiscenest faithla so wellfede thatsconta scholarsassei areda stillfar unravellingche hisi personalstudiosi beliefsno i è ancora stati boni de ciarirse su 'l so credo."<ref name="heretic">{{cite journal |last=Snobelen |first=Stephen D. |title=Isaac Newton, heretic: the strategies of a Nicodemite |journal=British Journal for the History of Science |volume=32 |pages=381–419 |year=1999 |url=http://www.isaac-newton.org/heretic.pdf |format=PDF|doi=10.1017/S0007087499003751 }}</ref> Snobelen concludesal thatà concludest che Newton wasa atla leastfin aal era an sinpatizante [[Socinian]] sympathiser (hein ownedultima andal hadea thoroughlye readal atea leastlet eightpolito Socinianalmanco oto libri bookssociniani), possiblyfursi an [[Arianism|Arian]] ande almostquasi certainlyde segur an [[antitrinitarian]] <ref name="heretic"/>. InInte anna ageetà notablecognossesta forpar itsla religiousso intoleranceintoleranža thererelijosa areche fewn'era publicdiverse expressionsespression ofpubliche Newton'sde la vision radical viewsde Newton, mostla notablygran hispart refusalde toste takequa holyse orderspol andnotarle hisda refusal'l so refudo a ciapar i voti e da 'l so refudo, onsu his'l punto de trar deathi bedscarpet, tode takeciapar thei [[sacramentsacramento|sacramenti]] when itco wasi offeredghe tognea himoferti.<ref name="heretic"/>
 
In a view disputed by Snobelen,<ref name="heretic"/> T.C. Pfizenmaier argues that Newton held the [[Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox]] view of the Trinity rather than the Western one held by [[Roman Catholic]]s, [[Anglican]]s, and most [[Protestant]]s.<ref>{{cite journal |last=Pfizenmaier |first=T.C. |year=1997 |title=Was Isaac Newton an Arian? |journal=Journal of the History of Ideas |volume=58 |issue=1 |pages=57–80}}</ref> In his own day, he was also accused of being a [[Rosicrucianism|Rosicrucian]] (as were many in the Royal Society and in the court of Charles II).<ref>{{cite book |last=Yates |first=Frances A. |year=1972 |title=The Rosicrucian Enlightenment |publisher=Routledge |location=London}}</ref>
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